Controlled Access to Confidential Data Is Crucial

If your company has information that is classified as confidential or proprietary, controlling access to that information is essential. Access control is essential for any business with employees who connect to the internet. Daniel Crowley, IBM’s X Force Red team head of research, explains that access control is a way to limit access to information only to specific individuals and under certain conditions. There are two primary components: authentication and authorization.

Authentication is the process of verifying that the person you’re trying to gain access is the person they claim to be. It also involves the verification of using a password, or other credentials that are required before granting access to a network, an application, system or file.

Authorization is the process of granting access based on a particular function in the business like engineering, HR or marketing. The most efficient and well-known method to restrict access is to use access control based on roles. This type of access is based on policies that specify the information needed for certain tasks in business and assign permissions to the appropriate roles.

If you have a standard access control policy in place it is much easier to manage and monitor changes as they happen. It is crucial to ensure that the policies are clearly communicated to staff to encourage the careful handling of sensitive information, as well as to have a procedure for revoking access when employees leave the company or changes their position, or is terminated.

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